Andrey Zubarev1, Kirill Shilov2
  • 1 The Institute of Applied Economic Research, RANEPA, 82, Vernadskogo prosp., Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation
  • 2 The Institute of Applied Economic Research, RANEPA, 82, Prospekt Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

Bank Default's Factors Differentiation Based on License Withdrawal Reasons

2022. Vol. 26. No. 1. P. 69–103 [issue contents]
The landscape of the Russian banking sector has changed significantly over the past few years, with the number of banks having halved in 2013 since the new leadership of the Bank of Russia came in. This paper is devoted to the study of the reasons for the revocation of Russian banks' licenses, as well as to the identification of factors that increase or decrease the probabil
ity of license revocation for one reason or another. To identify the possible causes of revocations, we gathered data on all license withdrawals and cases of temporary administrations interventions in the period from January 1, 2013 to January 1, 2021, including official press releases of the Bank of Russia and the news background that accompanied each such case. Based on the analyzed information, all cases of revocations were classified into two groups of reasons: economic reasons and violations of anti-money laundering laws. Based on the results of the estimation of multinomial logistic regressions using official data from balance sheets and income statements of Russian commercial banks from the Bank of Russia website, we have identified factors contributing to the increase in the probability of license revocation for each reason on the horizon of one year. In particular, high bank profitability and the amount of govern­ment securities on the bank's balance sheet decrease the probability of revocation for economic reasons only, while high proportion of stocks in assets is typical for banks engaged in money laundering and falsification of financial reports. An increase in the share of loan loss provision and a decrease in the share of overdue debt were accompanied by an increase in the probabili ty of license revocation only due to money laundering, which may also indicate fraud reporting and concealment of overdue debt.
Citation: Zubarev A., Shilov K. (2022) Differentsiatsiya faktorov bankovskikh defoltov po prichinam otzyva litsenziy [Bank Default's Factors Differentiation Based on License Withdrawal Reasons]. HSE Economic Journal , vol. 26, no 1, pp. 69-103 (in Russian)
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